Mastering APA In-Text Citation: A Comprehensive Guide And Example Article

APA In-Text Citation Article Example

What do you mean by APA in-text citation?

APA, which stands for the American Psychological Association, is a commonly used citation style in academic writing. It provides guidelines for referencing sources within the text of a research paper or article. In-text citations are used to acknowledge the ideas and information borrowed from other authors, ensuring proper credit is given to the original source.

How to use APA in-text citation?

How to Cite a Journal Article in APA Style
How to Cite a Journal Article in APA Style

When using APA in-text citation, you need to include the author’s last name and the year of publication within parentheses after a direct quote or paraphrased information from a source. The citation should appear immediately after the borrowed content. For example, (Smith, 2019).

In-Text Citations: The Basics - Purdue OWL® - Purdue University
In-Text Citations: The Basics – Purdue OWL® – Purdue University

If you mention the author’s name within the sentence, you only need to include the publication year in parentheses. For instance, According to Smith (2019),…

If the source has multiple authors, include all their last names separated by commas, followed by the publication year. For example, (Smith, Johnson, & Williams, 2019).

How to Cite a Journal Article in APA Style  Format & Example
How to Cite a Journal Article in APA Style Format & Example

In case there is no author mentioned, use the title of the article or webpage in quotation marks. If the title is too long, you can use a shortened version of it enclosed in double quotation marks. Moreover, for webpages with no publication date, use n.d. to indicate the absence of a year.

What is known about APA in-text citation?

APA in-text citation is widely used across various academic disciplines, including psychology, education, and social sciences. It helps researchers and scholars to provide evidence of their claims and avoid plagiarism. By using in-text citations, readers can easily locate the original source to verify information, build upon previous research, and acknowledge the work of other scholars.

Solution: APA in-text citation article example

Here is an example illustrating how to use APA in-text citation within an article:

According to a recent study (Smith, 2019), the impact of climate change on biodiversity has become a matter of great concern. The study revealed that rising temperatures and habitat loss have led to a significant decline in species diversity.

In this example, the author’s last name (Smith) and the year of publication (2019) are included in parentheses immediately after the information taken from the source. The complete reference for this source would be provided in the reference list at the end of the article.

Additional Information

It’s important to note that in-text citations should be consistent with the references cited at the end of the article. The full reference details should be provided in the reference list, following APA formatting guidelines.

Furthermore, when citing specific page numbers, use the abbreviation p. for a single page or pp. for multiple pages, followed by the page numbers. For example, (Smith, 2019, p. 25) or (Smith, 2019, pp. 25-28).

Remember to italicize or use quotation marks for titles of books, articles, and webpages, depending on the type of source being cited.


APA in-text citation is an essential component of academic writing, allowing authors to give credit to the original sources they have used. By following the APA guidelines, researchers can maintain honesty and integrity in their work, while also providing readers with the necessary information to locate and verify the sources.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Are there any exceptions to using in-text citations?

No, it is necessary to use in-text citations for any borrowed information, whether it is a direct quote or paraphrased content. This applies to any ideas, facts, or data that are not common knowledge.

2. Can I use footnotes instead of in-text citations in APA style?

No, APA style primarily uses in-text citations for referencing sources. Footnotes are generally not used for citation purposes in APA format.

3. Do I need to include the page number in every in-text citation?

No, page numbers are only required when directly quoting or referring to a specific part of a source. If the information is general or the source does not have page numbers, the year of publication is sufficient.

4. How do I cite multiple sources within the same parentheses?

When citing multiple sources within the same parentheses, arrange them alphabetically by the author’s last name and separate them with semicolons. For example, (Smith, 2019; Johnson, 2020).

5. Is there any software or online tools available to assist with APA in-text citation?

Yes, there are several online tools and software, such as citation generators, that can assist in correctly formatting APA in-text citations. However, it is important to double-check and ensure the accuracy of the generated citations.