In-Text Citation Examples In APA 7: A Comprehensive Guide

Example of In-Text Citation APA 7

In academic writing, it is crucial to properly acknowledge and credit the sources you use to support your ideas. One widely used citation style is the American Psychological Association (APA) format. The APA 7th edition provides specific guidelines for in-text citations, which allow readers to easily locate the source of the information you have included in your paper. In this article, we will explore an example of an in-text citation in APA 7 format and discuss how to use it effectively in your own writing.

What do you mean by in-text citation?

An in-text citation is a brief reference to a source within the body of your paper. It is used to indicate when you have directly quoted or paraphrased someone else’s work. In-text citations provide crucial information to your readers, such as the author’s name, the publication year, and the page number (if applicable), which allows them to locate the full reference in the reference list at the end of your paper.

How to use in-text citation in APA 7 format?

APA th Ed
APA th Ed

To use in-text citation in APA 7 format, you need to follow a specific pattern that includes the author’s last name and the publication year. The basic format for an in-text citation is (Author’s Last Name, Year). If you directly quote the source, you should also include the page number(s) after the year, separated by a comma. Let’s look at an example to better understand how to use in-text citation in APA 7 format.

What is known as APA 7 format?

APA 7 format is the latest version of the American Psychological Association’s publication manual. It provides guidelines and rules for academic writing to ensure clarity and consistency. The APA 7th edition introduced some changes and updates from the previous edition, APA 6. These changes include new guidelines for citing online sources, more flexibility in font usage, and adjustments in the formatting of headings and title pages.

Solution: Example of In-Text Citation APA 7

APA Style th Edition: In-Text Citations, Quotations, and Plagiarism
APA Style th Edition: In-Text Citations, Quotations, and Plagiarism

Let’s imagine you are writing a research paper on the effects of social media on mental health. You come across an article by Smith published in 2019 that supports your argument. To properly cite this source within the text, you would write:

In recent studies, it has been shown that excessive use of social media can lead to negative effects on mental health (Smith, 2019).

If you directly quote a specific section from Smith’s article, your in-text citation would include the page number as well:

According to Smith (2019), ‘The constant exposure to unrealistic ideals on social media can contribute to feelings of inadequacy and low self-esteem’ (p. 25).

By using the example above, you demonstrate that you have integrated Smith’s ideas into your paper while giving proper credit to the original author.


In-text citations are an essential part of academic writing, allowing you to give credit to the original authors and avoid plagiarism. APA 7 format provides specific guidelines for in-text citations, making it easier for readers to locate the full references in the reference list. By following the rules and using examples of in-text citations in APA 7 format, you can ensure the accuracy and credibility of your research papers.


1. How do I cite a source with multiple authors in APA 7 format?

In APA 7 format, when a source has two authors, include both authors’ last names in the in-text citation, separated by an ampersand (&). For sources with three or more authors, cite the first author’s last name followed by et al. For example: (Smith & Johnson, 2020) or (Smith et al., 2020).

2. Do I need to include the page number in the in-text citation for paraphrased information?

No, you only need to include the page number in the in-text citation if you directly quote the source. When you paraphrase information, you do not need to include the specific page number in the citation.

3. How do I cite a webpage with no author in APA 7 format?

If a webpage has no author, you can use the title of the webpage in the in-text citation. Enclose the title in double quotation marks or italicize it if it is a standalone document or report. For example: (Understanding APA 7 Format, 2021).

4. Can I use abbreviations in in-text citations?

Yes, you can use abbreviations for groups or organizations in in-text citations if they are commonly known. Provide the full name of the group or organization in the first in-text citation and use the abbreviation in subsequent citations. For example: (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2020) or (NIMH, 2020).

5. What should I do if I cannot find the publication year of a source?

If the publication year is not available, you can use n.d. (no date) in place of the year in the in-text citation. For example: (Smith, n.d.). However, it is always best to try to locate the publication year or use alternative sources if the information is crucial for your research.