Exploring APA In-text Citation: Examples And Guidelines For Proper Referencing

Apa Citation In Text Citation Example: Everything You Need to Know

When you’re conducting research or writing academic papers, it’s essential to cite your sources accurately and consistently. One widely used citation format is APA (American Psychological Association), with its specific guidelines for citations and references. In this article, we will explore the importance of APA citation and provide examples of in-text citations to help you understand how to execute them correctly.

What do we mean by APA citation and in-text citation?

APA citation refers to the standardized format developed by the American Psychological Association for citing sources in academic writing. It is commonly used in the fields of psychology, social sciences, and education.

What Are In-Text Citations APA? Top  Tips And Tricks
What Are In-Text Citations APA? Top Tips And Tricks

An in-text citation, as the name suggests, is a citation placed within the body of your text to acknowledge the source of information you have used. It allows readers to locate the full reference in the reference list at the end of the document.

How to use APA in-text citation?

Using APA in-text citation involves incorporating the author’s last name and the publication year of the source within parentheses. Here’s an example:

In-Text Citations - APA Citation Style - LibGuides at National
In-Text Citations – APA Citation Style – LibGuides at National

According to Smith (2019), climate change is a pressing global issue.

If the author’s name is not mentioned in the sentence, include it within the parentheses:

Climate change is a pressing global issue (Smith, 2019).

In case a source has two authors, include both names connected by an ampersand:

Several studies have shown positive results (Johnson & Davis, 2020).

For sources with three or more authors, use the first author’s name followed by et al. (Latin for and others):

The study conducted by Thompson et al. (2018) revealed significant findings.

When citing specific sections, such as page numbers, use p. for one page and pp. for multiple pages:

This theory has been widely discussed (Green, 2017, p. 45).

What is known about APA citation in-text citation example?

APA in-text citation examples allow readers to identify the sources you have used in your writing. It ensures that your work is credible, provides proper credit to the original authors, and allows readers to locate the full references if they wish to explore the sources further.

APA citation also follows a specific format for different source types, such as books, articles, websites, and more. Familiarizing yourself with these formats will ensure accurate and consistent citations throughout your work.

Solution: How to correctly execute APA in-text citations?

To correctly execute APA in-text citations, follow these guidelines:

Include the author’s last name and publication year within parentheses.
If the author’s name is already mentioned in the sentence, include the publication year in parentheses.
For sources with two authors, use an ampersand to connect their names.
For sources with three or more authors, use the first author’s name followed by et al.
Include page numbers for direct quotations or specific sections.
Ensure consistency and accuracy by referring to the APA style guide or using citation tools like citation generators.

By following these guidelines, you can properly attribute the information you’ve used in your writing and avoid plagiarism.

Additional Information

While in-text citations are crucial, they must be complemented by a comprehensive list of references at the end of your document. The reference list provides detailed information about each source cited in your text, allowing readers to locate and verify the credibility of the sources.

Furthermore, APA formatting guidelines cover various other aspects, including the formatting of titles, headings, spacing, and more. It’s important to consult the APA style guide or resources to ensure your document meets all the required formatting standards.


APA citation in-text citation examples are vital for academic writing, providing a standardized and consistent way to cite sources. By correctly executing in-text citations, you demonstrate your credibility as a researcher and give credit to the original authors whose work you have utilized. Remember to always refer to the APA style guide for specific guidelines and use citation tools to simplify the process.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1: Can I use APA in-text citation in non-academic writing?

A1: While APA citation is primarily used in academic writing, you can apply its principles to other forms of writing when citing sources is necessary.

Q2: How do I cite multiple sources within the same parentheses?

A2: If you wish to cite multiple sources within the same parentheses, separate them with semicolons: (Smith, 2019; Johnson & Davis, 2020).

Q3: Do I need to include page numbers in in-text citations for all sources?

A3: Page numbers are only necessary for direct quotations or when referring to specific sections of a source. Otherwise, it is not required.

Q4: What should I do if the source has no author?

A4: If the source you are citing has no author, use the title of the work within the parentheses.

Q5: Can I use APA citation for online sources?

A5: Yes, APA citation guidelines cover various source types, including online sources. Make sure to include the necessary information such as the author, publication date, and URL.