APA Personal Communication In-Text Citation: Examples And Guidelines

APA Personal Communication In-Text Citation Example

In academic writing, it is essential to give credit to the sources you use, including personal communication. The American Psychological Association (APA) style is widely used for citing sources in the social sciences. Understanding how to cite personal communication in-text is crucial to maintain academic integrity. This article will explain what APA personal communication in-text citation is, how to use it, provide examples, and offer guidelines in a casual English manner.

What do you mean by APA personal communication in-text citation?

APA personal communication in-text citation refers to acknowledging conversations, emails, letters, interviews, or any other form of personal communication within the body of your research paper or essay. It allows readers to know that you have obtained information from an individual directly rather than citing a formal publication.

How to use APA personal communication in-text citation?

APA Formatting and Style Guide - ppt download
APA Formatting and Style Guide – ppt download

To use APA personal communication in-text citation, you need to follow a specific format. Begin the citation with the name of the person who provided the communication, followed by the phrase personal communication and the date of the communication. This information should be placed within parentheses and integrated into the sentence or paragraph where you discuss the information received.

For example: According to John Doe (personal communication, January 15, 2023), the new research findings are groundbreaking in the field of neuroscience.

What is known about APA personal communication in-text citation?

Personal Communication - Citations - Academic Guides at Walden
Personal Communication – Citations – Academic Guides at Walden

In APA style, personal communication does not provide a recoverable source for readers. Therefore, it is not included in the reference list at the end of your paper. The main purpose of citing personal communication is to give credit where it is due and to provide context for the information you present.

Personal communication is often considered more informal compared to published materials. However, it can be valuable when you need to support your arguments or present firsthand information from experts or individuals with relevant knowledge.

Solution for citing personal communication in APA style:

How to Cite Personal Communication: APA Seventh Edition
How to Cite Personal Communication: APA Seventh Edition

When citing personal communication in APA style, it is necessary to follow a specific format to ensure consistency and clarity. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you cite personal communication effectively:

Begin the citation with the name of the person who provided the communication. Use the full name if known, or their initials.
Include the phrase personal communication in parentheses after the person’s name.
Add the specific date of the communication in the format of month, day, and year.
Integrate the citation into the sentence or paragraph where you discuss the information obtained from personal communication.
Put the entire citation within parentheses and place it at the end of the sentence or paragraph.

By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your APA personal communication in-text citations are accurate, clear, and consistent within your academic writing.

Additional information about APA personal communication in-text citation:

Here are some additional points to keep in mind when using APA personal communication in-text citation:

Personal communications should only be used when the information is not available from a published or publicly accessible source.
Always seek permission from the individual whose personal communication you are citing before including it in your work.
Avoid overusing personal communication as a source, as it is generally considered less authoritative than published sources.
Make sure to provide enough context and detail about the personal communication to help readers understand its relevance and importance.
Remember that personal communication should be cited within the text of your paper and not in the reference list at the end.

Conclusion

In APA style, personal communication plays a valuable role in supporting arguments and providing firsthand information. By following the guidelines mentioned above, you can effectively cite personal communication in your academic writing. Remember to use it sparingly, seek permission, and provide sufficient context for readers. APA personal communication in-text citation allows you to demonstrate your engagement with experts and individuals who contribute to your research.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Can I cite personal emails or text messages in APA style?

Yes, you can cite personal emails or text messages in APA style as personal communication. Follow the same format as for other personal communication, including the person’s name, the phrase personal communication, and the date of the communication.

2. Do I need to provide page numbers for personal communication in APA style?

No, page numbers are not required for personal communication in APA style. Since personal communication is not recoverable by readers, page numbers are unnecessary.

3. Can I cite personal communication from social media platforms?

Yes, you can cite personal communication from social media platforms in APA style. Use the individual’s name, the phrase personal communication, and include the specific platform and date of the communication in your citation.

4. How do I cite an interview conducted in person?

To cite an interview conducted in person, follow the same format as for other personal communication. Include the interviewee’s name, the phrase personal communication, and the date of the interview.

5. Is personal communication considered a reliable source in APA style?

Personal communication is generally considered less authoritative than published sources. While it can provide valuable insights, it is essential to use personal communication sparingly and balance it with other credible and published sources in your research.