APA In-Text Citations Examples: Mastering The Art Of Properly Citing Sources In Academic Writing

APA In-Text Citations Examples: Understand How to Cite Sources in APA Format

What do you mean by APA in-text citations?

APA in-text citations are a crucial aspect of academic writing, particularly in the field of psychology and social sciences. They are used to attribute the ideas and information you have borrowed from other sources within your paper. In-text citations provide brief references within the text of your writing, guiding your readers to the full citation in the reference list at the end of your document.

How to include APA in-text citations?

Including APA in-text citations involves mentioning the author’s last name and the publication year of the source you are citing. The information is typically placed within parentheses, either at the end of a sentence or within the sentence itself. Different source types require specific formatting, so it is important to understand the guidelines for each.

What is known about APA in-text citations?

In-Text Citations - APA Citation Style - LibGuides at National
In-Text Citations – APA Citation Style – LibGuides at National

APA in-text citations follow a specific format and style. They provide readers with the necessary information to locate the original source and verify the credibility of your claims. By including accurate in-text citations, you demonstrate your understanding of academic integrity and give credit to the original authors for their work.

Solution: How to create APA in-text citations?

Creating APA in-text citations involves following a set of rules based on the type of source you are citing. Here are some examples of how to structure in-text citations for different scenarios:

1. Citing a Book:

In-Text Citations: The Basics - Purdue OWL® - Purdue University
In-Text Citations: The Basics – Purdue OWL® – Purdue University

Include the author’s last name and the publication year within parentheses. For instance: (Smith, 2019).

2. Citing a Journal Article:

Mention the author’s last name and the publication year within parentheses. For example: (Johnson & Anderson, 2020).

3. Citing a Website:

When citing a website, include the author’s last name or the organization’s name, followed by the publication year in parentheses. For instance: (World Health Organization, 2018).

4. Citing a Direct Quote:

If you are directly quoting a source, include the author’s last name, publication year, and the page number where the quote can be found. For example: (Brown, 2017, p. 25).

5. Citing Multiple Authors:

When citing a source with two authors, include both last names and the publication year. For example: (Clark & Davis, 2021). If the source has three or more authors, use et al. after the first author’s name. For instance: (Anderson et al., 2022).

Additional Information about APA in-text citations:

1. Always use the & symbol instead of and when citing multiple authors within parentheses.

2. If the source has no author, use the title of the work in the in-text citation.

3. If there are multiple sources with the same author and publication year, differentiate them by adding lowercase letters after the publication year (e.g., 2020a, 2020b).

4. Page numbers should be included for direct quotes, paraphrases, and summaries.

5. In-text citations should be concise and not interrupt the flow of your writing.


APA in-text citations serve as a critical component of academic writing, enabling you to give credit to the original authors and provide credibility to your own work. By adhering to the APA guidelines and using the correct format for different source types, you can ensure that your citations are accurate, clear, and consistent. Understanding how to create APA in-text citations is essential for maintaining ethical practices in research and producing scholarly work.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Are APA in-text citations necessary for every source?

Yes, it is essential to include APA in-text citations for every source you use in your academic writing. This includes both direct quotes and paraphrases.

2. Can I use et al. in APA in-text citations for all source types?

No, the use of et al. is only applicable for sources with three or more authors. For sources with two authors, both names should be mentioned.

3. How do I cite an online article with no page numbers in APA?

If the online article does not have page numbers, you can use paragraph numbers (para.) or section headings to indicate the location of the information you are citing.

4. Should I include in-text citations for common knowledge information?

No, you do not need to include in-text citations for information that is considered common knowledge. However, it is essential to differentiate between common knowledge and information that requires proper citation.

5. Can I use APA in-text citations in non-academic writing?

While APA in-text citations are primarily used in academic writing, they can also be applied in other writing contexts, such as research reports, articles, and professional publications, to ensure proper attribution of sources.