APA Multiple Authors in Text Citation Example
When writing academic papers or articles, it is important to give credit to the authors whose work you have referred to or cited. The American Psychological Association (APA) style is commonly used in the social sciences and provides guidelines for proper citation. One aspect of APA citation that often confuses writers is how to cite sources with multiple authors in the text. This article aims to explain what multiple authors in-text citation means, how to format it correctly, and provide examples to illustrate the process.
What do you mean by multiple authors in-text citation?
Multiple authors in-text citation refers to the practice of acknowledging the contributions of more than one author within the body of your text. This is necessary to avoid plagiarism and to give proper credit to the original authors. When you directly quote or paraphrase from a source with multiple authors, you need to indicate all the authors’ last names and the publication date to provide readers with enough information to locate the source in the reference list.
How to format multiple authors in-text citation correctly?
According to APA style, there are different ways to format multiple authors in-text citation depending on the number of authors. Here are the guidelines to follow:
Two authors: When there are two authors, include both authors’ last names in every in-text citation.
Three to five authors: If there are three to five authors, include all authors’ last names in the first in-text citation. In subsequent citations, use the first author’s last name followed by et al.
Six or more authors: For sources with six or more authors, use the first author’s last name followed by et al. in all in-text citations.
What is known about APA multiple authors in-text citation?
The APA style provides a clear and consistent way to format multiple authors in-text citation. It ensures that proper credit is given to all authors and allows readers to easily identify and locate the original source. Following the APA guidelines for multiple authors in-text citation also helps to maintain academic integrity and avoid plagiarism.
Solution: How to cite multiple authors in-text?
To properly cite multiple authors in-text, you need to follow the specific APA formatting rules based on the number of authors. Here are some examples to illustrate the correct citation format:
Two authors: Smith and Johnson (2022) argued that…
Three to five authors: In the study conducted by Johnson, Smith, Anderson, Thompson, and Davis (2021), it was found that…
Six or more authors: The findings of the research conducted by Johnson et al. (2020) suggest that…
Remember to include the publication year in parentheses after the authors’ names. If you mention the authors’ names within the sentence, only the publication year needs to be in parentheses.
Properly citing multiple authors in-text is an essential aspect of academic writing. By adhering to the APA guidelines, you can give credit to all authors, maintain academic integrity, and avoid plagiarism. Remember to carefully follow the formatting rules depending on the number of authors, and always provide enough information for readers to locate the original source in the reference list.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Can I use et al. for two authors in APA in-text citations?
No, et al. should not be used for two authors in APA in-text citations. Both authors’ last names should be included in every in-text citation.
2. How do I format in-text citations for sources with more than six authors?
For sources with more than six authors, use the first author’s last name followed by et al. in all in-text citations.
3. Do I need to include page numbers in APA in-text citations for multiple authors?
Page numbers are optional in APA in-text citations for paraphrases or summaries. However, if you directly quote from a source, page numbers should be included.
4. What if there is no publication date provided for the source?
If there is no publication date provided for the source, use n.d. (no date) in place of the year in the in-text citation.
5. Can I use the first author’s last name followed by et al. in the first in-text citation for three to five authors?
Yes, in the first in-text citation for three to five authors, include all authors’ last names. However, in subsequent citations, use the first author’s last name followed by et al.