APA In-Text Citation Example: A Guide To Properly Citing Sources In APA Format

APA In-Text Citation Example According to

What do you mean by APA in-text citation?

When you are writing an academic paper or conducting research, it is crucial to provide proper credit to the sources you have used. The American Psychological Association (APA) style is commonly used in the social sciences and education fields for citation and referencing purposes. APA in-text citation is a way of acknowledging the sources you have consulted within the text of your paper.

How to use APA in-text citations?

In text citation in APA
In text citation in APA

To use APA in-text citations, you need to follow a specific format. When referring to a source within your paper, include the author’s last name and the publication year in parentheses. For example, (Smith, 2022). If you mention the author’s name in the sentence, you only need to include the publication year in parentheses, like Smith (2022) argued that…. If you are citing a specific page or paragraph, add the page number or paragraph number after the year, separated by a comma, like (Smith, 2022, p. 45) or (Smith, 2022, para. 3).

What is known about APA in-text citation?

In-Text Citations: The Basics - Purdue OWL® - Purdue University
In-Text Citations: The Basics – Purdue OWL® – Purdue University

APA in-text citation is a widely recognized method of referencing sources in academic writing. It allows readers to locate the original source easily and provides credibility to your own arguments by demonstrating that they are supported by reputable sources. APA in-text citations are used to both acknowledge the authors of the sources you have used and to provide evidence for your own claims.

Solution for using APA in-text citation

To ensure accuracy and consistency in your APA in-text citations, it is essential to keep track of all the sources you consult during your research. Create a reference list that includes all the necessary information for each source, such as the author’s name, publication year, title, and publication information. While writing your paper, refer to this reference list to accurately cite the sources you have used within the text. Additionally, familiarize yourself with the specific APA style guidelines to ensure proper formatting and citation practices.

Information about APA in-text citation

APA in-text citation requires attention to detail and consistency. Along with the author’s last name and publication year, you may also need to include additional information such as page numbers or paragraph numbers, depending on the source type. Remember to use italics for book titles and capitalize only the first word of article or chapter titles. In-text citations should appear immediately after the information you have borrowed from a source and before any punctuation marks. If you are citing multiple sources within the same sentence, arrange them alphabetically by the authors’ last names and separate them with semicolons.

APA in-text citation example according to:

To provide a better understanding, let’s consider an example. Suppose you are writing a research paper on the effects of social media on mental health. You come across a study conducted by Johnson and Smith in 2019 that highlights the negative impact of excessive social media use. To cite this source within your paper using APA in-text citation, you can write: According to Johnson and Smith (2019), excessive social media use has been linked to various mental health issues. If you specifically mention the authors’ names in your sentence, it would be written as: Johnson and Smith (2019) conducted a study on the effects of excessive social media use on mental health, and their findings suggest…


APA in-text citation is an essential component of academic writing, allowing you to acknowledge the sources you have used and support your own arguments with evidence. By following the APA guidelines for in-text citations, you demonstrate your credibility as a researcher and uphold the principles of academic integrity. Remember to always consult the APA style manual or guide for specific rules and examples when using in-text citations.

FAQs about APA in-text citation:

1. What if the source has multiple authors?

If a source has two authors, include both authors’ last names in your in-text citation. For sources with three or more authors, use the first author’s last name followed by et al. For example, (Johnson & Smith, 2019) or (Johnson et al., 2019).

2. Do I need to include in-text citations for every sentence?

In-text citations are necessary when you directly quote, paraphrase, or summarize information from a source. However, if you are referring to a general concept or widely known information, you may not need an in-text citation.

3. How do I cite online sources without page numbers?

If an online source does not have page numbers, you can use paragraph numbers or section headings if available. If those are not provided, you can omit the page or paragraph number from the in-text citation.

4. Can I use footnotes instead of in-text citations in APA style?

While footnotes are sometimes used in academic writing, APA style primarily relies on in-text citations for referencing sources within the text of your paper. However, you can use footnotes for additional explanatory or supplementary information that does not fit within the main text.

5. Are there any exceptions to using APA in-text citation?

Some exceptions to APA in-text citation include personal communications, such as interviews or emails, and classical works like ancient texts or religious scriptures. In these cases, you may provide the information within the text or in a note rather than using the traditional in-text citation format.