APA Format Citation In Literature Review: A Comprehensive Example For Accurate Referencing

APA Format Citation in Literature Review Example

What do you mean by APA format citation?

APA format citation refers to the standardized method of acknowledging sources of information within academic writing. It is a set of guidelines developed by the American Psychological Association (APA) to ensure consistency and clarity of citations in various disciplines. APA format citation is commonly used in social sciences, education, and psychology, but it is also widely applied in other fields.

How to cite in APA format?

Citing sources in APA format involves following a specific structure and including key information to accurately reference the original work. In a literature review, which summarizes existing research on a specific topic, citing sources is crucial to acknowledge the contributions of other authors and to support the argument being made.

Literary Review In Apa Format - How to create a Literary Review in
Literary Review In Apa Format – How to create a Literary Review in

Here is an example of how to cite a literature review in APA format:

Author’s Last Name, First Initial. (Year). Title of the literature review. Title of the Journal, Volume(Issue), Page numbers. DOI or URL if available.

Gabriel©  Literature Review  PDF  Citation  Apa Style
Gabriel© Literature Review PDF Citation Apa Style

For example:
Smith, J. (2022). The impact of climate change on biodiversity: A literature review. Environmental Science and Conservation, 45(3), 123-145. doi:10.1234/example

What is known about APA format citation in literature review?

APA format citation in a literature review serves several purposes. Firstly, it allows readers to locate and access the original sources of information mentioned in the review. Secondly, it demonstrates the author’s engagement with existing literature and builds credibility by showing that the review is based on reliable and relevant sources. Lastly, APA format citation helps avoid plagiarism by giving proper credit to the original authors.

Writing Abstracts for a Literature Review in APA Format
Writing Abstracts for a Literature Review in APA Format

When citing sources in a literature review, it is important to provide accurate and complete information about each source. The details typically include the author’s name, the year of publication, the title of the work being cited, and the publication information such as the journal name, volume, issue, page numbers, DOI, or URL.

Solution: How to format citations in APA format for a literature review?

To correctly format citations in APA style for a literature review, follow these steps:

1. Identify the type of source being cited (e.g., journal article, book, website).
2. Locate the necessary information for the citation (e.g., author’s name, publication year, title).
3. Arrange the information in the correct order and format as per the APA guidelines.
4. Include the citation within the body of the literature review where the information is used.
5. Create a reference list at the end of the literature review, listing all the sources cited.
6. Double-check the accuracy of the citations and ensure they follow the APA formatting rules.

It is essential to consult the official APA Publication Manual or online resources for specific examples and guidelines on formatting citations for different types of sources.

Additional Information on APA format citation in literature review:

In addition to the basic citation format, there are some variations and special cases to consider when citing sources in a literature review using APA format. Here are a few points to keep in mind:

1. Multiple authors: If a source has two authors, include both names in the citation. For three or more authors, list the first author’s name followed by et al. (Latin abbreviation meaning and others).
2. Page numbers: When directly quoting or paraphrasing from a source, include the page numbers in the citation. For example, (Smith, 2022, p. 56).
3. Electronic sources: If the source is an online article, include the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if available. If no DOI is provided, include the URL of the article.
4. Secondary sources: If you are citing a source that was cited within another source, use the phrase as cited in to acknowledge the original author. Provide the reference for the source you actually consulted.


In summary, APA format citation is a standardized way of acknowledging sources in academic writing, including literature reviews. By following the APA guidelines, authors can provide accurate and consistent citations, which help readers locate the original sources and avoid plagiarism. It is essential to familiarize yourself with the specific rules and examples provided by the APA Publication Manual to ensure correct formatting of citations in a literature review.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Can I use APA format for citations in other academic papers?

Yes, APA format is widely accepted and used in various academic disciplines, not just for literature reviews. It is recommended to follow the APA guidelines for citations in any academic paper.

2. Are there any free tools available to help with APA format citations?

Yes, there are several free online tools such as citation generators and referencing software that can assist in creating APA format citations. However, it is important to carefully review and verify the generated citations for accuracy.

3. Do I need to cite every source mentioned in my literature review?

It is generally good practice to cite all the sources mentioned in your literature review. However, if a source is common knowledge or widely accepted in the field, it may not require a citation. When in doubt, it is better to err on the side of caution and include a citation.

4. Can I use footnotes or endnotes instead of in-text citations in APA format?

APA format primarily uses in-text citations where the author’s name and publication year are included in parentheses within the text. Footnotes or endnotes are not commonly used for citations in APA format, but they may be utilized for additional explanatory or supplementary information.

5. Is it necessary to include the DOI or URL for every source cited in a literature review?

Including the DOI or URL is recommended whenever possible, as it provides a direct link to the source. However, if the source does not have a DOI and is only available in print form, it is not necessary to include a URL. Always follow the APA guidelines and adapt the citation format based on the specific characteristics of each source.