APA Citation Example: Understanding The Use Of ‘et Al.’ For Multiple Authors

APA Citation Example et al: A Comprehensive Guide

Introduction

When it comes to academic writing, citing sources is crucial to acknowledge the work of others and avoid plagiarism. The American Psychological Association (APA) provides a citation style that is widely used in various academic disciplines. One particular aspect of APA citation style is the use of et al. In this article, we will explore what et al. means, how to use it correctly in your citations, and provide examples for a better understanding.

What do you mean by et al.?

The Latin term et al. stands for et alii or et aliae, which translates to and others in English. In academic writing, it is used when there are three or more authors of a source and you want to refer to all of them without mentioning each individual author’s name. The use of et al. helps to make the citation concise and avoids repetition.

How to use et al. in APA citation?

Easy Ways to Cite with Et Al - wikiHow
Easy Ways to Cite with Et Al – wikiHow

In APA citation, et al. is used in both in-text citations and reference list entries. Let’s take a look at how to use it correctly in both cases:

In-Text Citation:

When citing a source with multiple authors in the text, include the last name of the first author followed by et al. and the year of publication in parentheses. For example:

In-Text Citations - APA Citation Style - LibGuides at National
In-Text Citations – APA Citation Style – LibGuides at National

(Smith et al., 2021)

If the source has only two authors, include both authors’ last names in the in-text citation:

(Smith & Johnson, 2021)

Reference List Entry:

In the reference list, include the last name and initials of up to 20 authors. If there are more than 20 authors, list the first 19 authors’ names, followed by an ellipsis (…) and the last author’s name. Here’s an example:

Smith, J. R., Johnson, A. B., Williams, C. D., et al. (2021). Title of the Article. Journal Name, volume(issue), page numbers.

What is known about et al. in APA citation?

The use of et al. in APA citation style is a widely accepted and standardized practice in academic writing. It allows for concise citations when dealing with sources that have multiple authors. The inclusion of et al. signifies that there are additional authors beyond those mentioned, making it easier for readers to understand the breadth of contributors to a particular work.

Solution for using et al. correctly

To ensure the correct usage of et al. in your APA citations, follow these steps:

List all authors’ names when there are up to seven authors.
If there are more than seven authors, list the first six authors’ names, followed by et al.
Use et al. in both in-text citations and reference list entries.
Check the APA Manual or style guide for specific formatting instructions.
Proofread your citations to avoid any missing or incorrect et al. usage.

Additional Information on APA Citation Example et al.

It’s important to note that et al. should not be italicized or underlined in your citations. Additionally, the usage of et al. is not limited to author names; it can also be used for corporate authors or group names.

Remember to include the year of publication when using et al. in in-text citations. This allows readers to easily locate the corresponding entry in the reference list.

Lastly, when listing multiple sources in a single sentence, make sure to use et al. consistently for each source with three or more authors.

Conclusion

Mastering APA citation style, including the correct use of et al., is crucial for academic writing. By understanding its meaning and following the guidelines provided, you can ensure accurate and concise citations in your work. Remember to double-check your citations and consult the APA Manual for any specific formatting questions.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Can et al. be used with two authors?

No, et al. is not used with two authors. In APA citation style, include both authors’ last names in the in-text citation.

2. How many authors can be listed before using et al.?

In APA citation, list all authors’ names if there are up to seven authors. If there are more than seven authors, list the first six authors’ names followed by et al.

3. Is et al. italicized in APA citations?

No, et al. should not be italicized or underlined in your APA citations.

4. Can et al. be used for corporate authors or group names?

Yes, et al. can be used for corporate authors or group names in APA citations.

5. Do I need to include the year of publication with et al. in in-text citations?

Yes, it is important to include the year of publication when using et al. in APA in-text citations to help readers locate the corresponding entry in the reference list.